Careers in Healthcare

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Diagnostic Services

Careers in the Diagnostic Services pathway use tests and evaluations that aid in the detection, diagnosis and treatment of diseases, injuries or other physical conditions.







Nuclear Medicine Technologists

prepare, administer, and measure radioactive isotopes in therapeutic, diagnostic, and tracer studies using a variety of radioisotope equipment. Prepare stock solutions of radioactive materials and calculate doses to be administered by radiologists. Subject patients to radiation. Execute blood volume, red cell survival, and fat absorption studies following standard laboratory techniques.
Salary: $78870
Degree: Associate's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Epidemiologists

investigate and describe the determinants and distribution of disease, disability, or health outcomes. May develop the means for prevention and control.
Salary: $75690
Degree: Master's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Diagnostic Medical Sonographers

produce ultrasonic recordings of internal organs for use by physicians.
Salary: $73860
Degree: Associate's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


MRI Technologists

operate Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scanners. Monitor patient safety and comfort, and view images of area being scanned to ensure quality of pictures. May administer gadolinium contrast dosage intravenously. May interview patient, explain MRI procedures, and position patient on examining table. May enter into the computer data such as patient history, anatomical area to be scanned, orientation specified, and position of entry.
Salary: $72230
Degree: Associate's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction



Toxicologists

Toxicologists analyze samples in a laboratory setting to detect the presence of various toxins in people, animals, or the environment. Depending on the employer, they may also review the impact of the toxins.
Salary: $71500
Degree: Bachelor's degree


Radiologic Technologists

take x rays and CAT scans or administer nonradioactive materials into patient's blood stream for diagnostic purposes. Includes technologists who specialize in other scanning modalities.
Salary: $61540
Degree: Associate's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Cardiovascular Technologists

conduct tests on pulmonary or cardiovascular systems of patients for diagnostic purposes. May conduct or assist in electrocardiograms, cardiac catheterizations, pulmonary functions, lung capacity, and similar tests. Includes vascular technologists.
Salary: $58730
Degree: Associate's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Medical Laboratory Technologists

perform complex medical laboratory tests for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. May train or supervise staff.
Salary: $53880
Degree: Bachelor's degree
Strong job growth



Cytotechnologists

stain, mount, and study cells to detect evidence of cancer, hormonal abnormalities, and other pathological conditions following established standards and practices.
Salary: $53880
Degree: Bachelor's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Histotechnologists

prepare histologic slides from tissue sections for microscopic examination and diagnosis by pathologists. May assist in research studies.
Salary: $53880
Degree: Associate's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Medical Laboratory Technicians

perform routine medical laboratory tests for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. May work under the supervision of a medical technologist.
Salary: $53880
Degree: Bachelor's degree
Strong job growth


Cytogenetic Technologists

analyze chromosomes found in biological specimens such as amniotic fluids, bone marrow, and blood to aid in the study, diagnosis, or treatment of genetic diseases.
Salary: $53880
Degree: Bachelor's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction



Radiologic Technicians

maintain and use equipment and supplies necessary to demonstrate portions of the human body on x-ray film or fluoroscopic screen for diagnostic purposes.
Salary: $47450
Degree: Associate's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Surgical Assistants

assist surgeons during surgery by performing duties such as tissue retraction, insertion of tubes and intravenous lines, or closure of surgical wounds. Perform preoperative and postoperative duties to facilitate patient care.
Salary: $47450
Degree: Associate's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Neurodiagnostic Technologists

conduct electroneurodiagnostic (END) tests such as electroencephalograms, evoked potentials, polysomnograms, or electronystagmograms. May perform nerve conduction studies.
Salary: $47450
Degree: Associate's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Ophthalmic Technologists

assist ophthalmologists by performing ophthalmic clinical functions and ophthalmic photography. Provide instruction and supervision to other ophthalmic personnel. Assist with minor surgical procedures, applying aseptic techniques and preparing instruments. May perform eye exams, administer eye medications, and instruct patients in care and use of corrective lenses.
Salary: $47450
Degree: Post-secondary certificate
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction



Veterinary Technicians

perform medical tests in a laboratory environment for use in the treatment and diagnosis of diseases in animals. Prepare vaccines and serums for prevention of diseases. Prepare tissue samples, take blood samples, and execute laboratory tests, such as urinalysis and blood counts. Clean and sterilize instruments and materials and maintain equipment and machines. May assist a veterinarian during surgery.
Salary: $35560
Degree: Associate's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction




Therapeutic Services

Careers in the Therapeutic Services pathway are focused primarily on changing the health status of the patient over time. Health professionals in this pathway work directly with patients; they may provide care, treatment, counseling and health education information.







Anesthesiologists

administer anesthetics prior to, during, or after surgery or other medical procedures.
Salary: $267020
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Surgeons

treat diseases, injuries, and deformities by invasive, minimally-invasive, or non-invasive surgical methods, such as using instruments, appliances, or by manual manipulation.
Salary: $255110
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Oral Surgeons

perform surgery and related procedures on the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial regions to treat diseases, injuries, or defects. May diagnose problems of the oral and maxillofacial regions. May perform surgery to improve function or appearance.
Salary: $242370
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


OBGYNs

provide medical care related to pregnancy or childbirth and those who diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases of women, particularly those affecting the reproductive system. May also provide general medical care to women.
Salary: $238320
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth



Orthodontists

examine, diagnose, and treat dental malocclusions and oral cavity anomalies. Design and fabricate appliances to realign teeth and jaws to produce and maintain normal function and to improve appearance.
Salary: $225760
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Psychiatrists

diagnose, treat, and help prevent disorders of the mind.
Salary: $220380
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Family and General Practitioners

diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases and injuries that commonly occur in the general population. May refer patients to specialists when needed for further diagnosis or treatment.
Salary: $211780
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Nuclear Medicine Physicians

diagnose and treat diseases using radioactive materials and techniques. May monitor radionuclide preparation, administration, and disposition.
Salary: $203880
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction



Ophthalmologists

diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases and injuries of the eyes and related structures.
Salary: $203880
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Pathologists

diagnose presence and stage of diseases using laboratory techniques and patient specimens. Study the nature, cause, and development of diseases. May perform autopsies.
Salary: $203880
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Preventive Medicine Physicians

apply knowledge of general preventive medicine and public health issues to promote health care to groups or individuals, and aid in the prevention or reduction of risk of disease, injury, disability, or death. May practice population-based medicine or diagnose and treat patients in the context of clinical health promotion and disease prevention.
Salary: $203880
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Radiologists

examine and diagnose disorders and diseases using x-rays and radioactive materials. May treat patients.
Salary: $203880
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction



Sports Medicine Physicians

diagnose, treat, and help prevent injuries that occur during sporting events, athletic training, and physical activities.
Salary: $203880
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Urologists

diagnose, treat, and help prevent benign and malignant medical and surgical disorders of the genitourinary system and the renal glands.
Salary: $203880
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Dermatologists

diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases or other conditions of the skin.
Salary: $203880
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Physical Medicine and Rehab Physicians

diagnose and treat disorders requiring physiotherapy to provide physical, mental, and occupational rehabilitation.
Salary: $203880
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction



Hospitalists

provide inpatient care predominantly in settings such as medical wards, acute care units, intensive care units, rehabilitation centers, or emergency rooms. Manage and coordinate patient care throughout treatment.
Salary: $203880
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Neurologists

diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases and disorders of the nervous system.
Salary: $203880
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Allergists and Immunologists

diagnose, treat, and help prevent allergic diseases and disease processes affecting the immune system.
Salary: $203880
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Internists

diagnose and provide non-surgical treatment of diseases and injuries of internal organ systems. Provide care mainly for adults who have a wide range of problems associated with the internal organs.
Salary: $196490
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction



Prosthodontists

construct oral prostheses to replace missing teeth and other oral structures to correct natural and acquired deformation of mouth and jaws, to restore and maintain oral function, such as chewing and speaking, and to improve appearance.
Salary: $191400
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Pediatricians

diagnose, treat, and help prevent children's diseases and injuries.
Salary: $183240
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Dentists

examine, diagnose, and treat diseases, injuries, and malformations of teeth and gums. May treat diseases of nerve, pulp, and other dental tissues affecting oral hygiene and retention of teeth. May fit dental appliances or provide preventive care.
Salary: $175840
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Nurse Anesthetists

administer anesthesia, monitor patient's vital signs, and oversee patient recovery from anesthesia. May assist anesthesiologists, surgeons, other physicians, or dentists. Must be registered nurses who have specialized graduate education.
Salary: $174790
Degree: Master's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction



Podiatrists

diagnose and treat diseases and deformities of the human foot.
Salary: $148220
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth


Pharmacists

dispense drugs prescribed by physicians and other health practitioners and provide information to patients about medications and their use. May advise physicians and other health practitioners on the selection, dosage, interactions, and side effects of medications.
Salary: $123670
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Optometrists

diagnose, manage, and treat conditions and diseases of the human eye and visual system. Examine eyes and visual system, diagnose problems or impairments, prescribe corrective lenses, and provide treatment. May prescribe therapeutic drugs to treat specific eye conditions.
Salary: $119980
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Nurse Practitioners

diagnose and treat acute, episodic, or chronic illness, independently or as part of a healthcare team. May focus on health promotion and disease prevention. May order, perform, or interpret diagnostic tests such as lab work and x rays. May prescribe medication. Must be registered nurses who have specialized graduate education.
Salary: $110030
Degree: Master's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction



Physician Assistants

provide healthcare services typically performed by a physician, under the supervision of a physician. Conduct complete physicals, provide treatment, and counsel patients. May, in some cases, prescribe medication. Must graduate from an accredited educational program for physician assistants.
Salary: $108430
Degree: Master's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Anesthesiologist Assistants

assist anesthesiologists in the administration of anesthesia for surgical and non-surgical procedures. Monitor patient status and provide patient care during surgical treatment.
Salary: $108430
Degree: Master's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction




Health Informatics

Careers in the Health Informatics pathway include many different levels of health care related employment. This pathway includes health care administrators who manage health care agencies as well as those individuals who are responsible for managing all of the patient data and information, financial information, and computer applications related to health care processes and procedures.







Informatics Nurse Specialists

apply knowledge of nursing and informatics to assist in the design, development, and ongoing modification of computerized health care systems. May educate staff and assist in problem solving to promote the implementation of the health care system.
Salary: $93610
Degree: Bachelor's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Medical Records Technicians

compile, process, and maintain medical records of hospital and clinic patients in a manner consistent with medical, administrative, ethical, legal, and regulatory requirements of the health care system. Process, maintain, compile, and report patient information for health requirements and standards in a manner consistent with the healthcare industry's numerical coding system.
Salary: $44010
Degree: No degree required
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Medical Secretaries

perform secretarial duties using specific knowledge of medical terminology and hospital, clinic, or laboratory procedures. Duties may include scheduling appointments, billing patients, and compiling and recording medical charts, reports, and correspondence.
Salary: $37090
Degree: Associate's degree
Strong job growth


Medical Transcriptionists

transcribe medical reports recorded by physicians and other healthcare practitioners using various electronic devices, covering office visits, emergency room visits, diagnostic imaging studies, operations, chart reviews, and final summaries. Transcribe dictated reports and translate abbreviations into fully understandable form. Edit as necessary and return reports in either printed or electronic form for review and signature, or correction.
Salary: $36350
Degree: Post-secondary certificate
High job satisfaction




Healthcare Support Services

Careers in the Support Services pathway provide a therapeutic environment for the delivery of health care. Support Services offers a full range of career opportunities from entry level to management, including technical and professional careers.







Medical and Health Services Managers

plan, direct, or coordinate medical and health services in hospitals, clinics, managed care organizations, public health agencies, or similar organizations.
Salary: $113730
Degree: Bachelor's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Forensic Nurses

Forensic nursing combines standard medical care with activities that support legal proceedings. Forensic nurses typically handle injuries related to violence and abuse, such as sexual assault.
Salary: $66000
Degree: Bachelor's Degree


Speech-Language Pathology Assistants

assist speech-language pathologists in the assessment and treatment of speech, language, voice, and fluency disorders. Implement speech and language programs or activities as planned and directed by speech-language pathologists. Monitor the use of alternative communication devices and systems.
Salary: $39110
Degree: Bachelor's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Endoscopy Technicians

maintain a sterile field to provide support for physicians and nurses during endoscopy procedures. Prepare and maintain instruments and equipment. May obtain specimens.
Salary: $39110
Degree: No degree required
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction



Medical Equipment Preparers

prepare, sterilize, install, or clean laboratory or healthcare equipment. May perform routine laboratory tasks and operate or inspect equipment.
Salary: $37990
Degree: No degree required
Strong job growth


Phlebotomists

draw blood for tests, transfusions, donations, or research. May explain the procedure to patients and assist in the recovery of patients with adverse reactions.
Salary: $35560
Degree: Post-secondary certificate
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Orderlies

transport patients to areas such as operating rooms or x-ray rooms using wheelchairs, stretchers, or moveable beds. May maintain stocks of supplies or clean and transport equipment.
Salary: $29840
Degree: No degree required
Strong job growth


Pharmacy Aides

record drugs delivered to the pharmacy, store incoming merchandise, and inform the supervisor of stock needs. May operate cash register and accept prescriptions for filling.
Salary: $29190
Degree: No degree required
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction



Vet Assistants

feed, water, and examine pets and other nonfarm animals for signs of illness, disease, or injury in laboratories and animal hospitals and clinics. Clean and disinfect cages and work areas, and sterilize laboratory and surgical equipment. May provide routine post-operative care, administer medication orally or topically, or prepare samples for laboratory examination under the supervision of veterinary or laboratory animal technologists or technicians, veterinarians, or scientists.
Salary: $28690
Degree: No degree required
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction




Healthcare in Biotechnology R&D

Careers in the Biotechnology Research and Development pathway involve bioscience research and development as it applies to human health. These scientists may study diseases to discover new treatments or invent medical devices used to directly assist patients or to improve the accuracy of diagnostic tests.







Medical Scientists

conduct research dealing with the understanding of human diseases and the improvement of human health. Engage in clinical investigation, research and development, or other related activities. Includes physicians, dentists, public health specialists, pharmacologists, and medical pathologists who primarily conduct research.
Salary: $96420
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Biomedical Engineers

apply knowledge of engineering, biology, and biomechanical principles to the design, development, and evaluation of biological and health systems and products, such as artificial organs, prostheses, instrumentation, medical information systems, and health management and care delivery systems.
Salary: $95090
Degree: Bachelor's degree
Strong job growth




Discover other career pathways

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