Best Careers for Math Lovers

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  1. Physicists
  2. What they do

    They conduct research into physical phenomena, develop theories on the basis of observation and experiments, and devise methods to apply physical laws and theories.

    • Perform complex calculations as part of the analysis and evaluation of data, using computers.
    • Direct testing and monitoring of contamination of radioactive equipment, and recording of personnel and plant area radiation exposure data.
    • Describe and express observations and conclusions in mathematical terms.
    • Analyze data from research conducted to detect and measure physical phenomena.

    How much they make

    $125280

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  3. Computer Hardware Engineers
  4. What they do

    They research, design, develop, or test computer or computer-related equipment for commercial, industrial, military, or scientific use. May supervise the manufacturing and installation of computer or computer-related equipment and components.

    • Update knowledge and skills to keep up with rapid advancements in computer technology.
    • Build, test, and modify product prototypes, using working models or theoretical models constructed with computer simulation.
    • Write detailed functional specifications that document the hardware development process and support hardware introduction.
    • Specify power supply requirements and configuration, drawing on system performance expectations and design specifications.

    How much they make

    $117840

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  5. Aerospace Engineers
  6. What they do

    They perform engineering duties in designing, constructing, and testing aircraft, missiles, and spacecraft. May conduct basic and applied research to evaluate adaptability of materials and equipment to aircraft design and manufacture. May recommend improvements in testing equipment and techniques.

    • Formulate mathematical models or other methods of computer analysis to develop, evaluate, or modify design, according to customer engineering requirements.
    • Plan or conduct experimental, environmental, operational, or stress tests on models or prototypes of aircraft or aerospace systems or equipment.
    • Formulate conceptual design of aeronautical or aerospace products or systems to meet customer requirements or conform to environmental regulations.
    • Plan or coordinate investigation and resolution of customers' reports of technical problems with aircraft or aerospace vehicles.

    How much they make

    $117100

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  7. Actuaries
  8. What they do

    They analyze statistical data, such as mortality, accident, sickness, disability, and retirement rates and construct probability tables to forecast risk and liability for payment of future benefits. May ascertain insurance rates required and cash reserves necessary to ensure payment of future benefits.

    • Ascertain premium rates required and cash reserves and liabilities necessary to ensure payment of future benefits.
    • Design, review and help administer insurance, annuity and pension plans, determining financial soundness and calculating premiums.
    • Determine or help determine company policy, and explain complex technical matters to company executives, government officials, shareholders, policyholders, or the public.
    • Provide advice to clients on a contract basis, working as a consultant.

    How much they make

    $116250

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  9. Economists
  10. What they do

    They conduct research, prepare reports, or formulate plans to address economic problems related to the production and distribution of goods and services or monetary and fiscal policy. May collect and process economic and statistical data using sampling techniques and econometric methods.

    • Study economic and statistical data in area of specialization, such as finance, labor, or agriculture.
    • Conduct research on economic issues and disseminate research findings through technical reports or scientific articles in journals.
    • Compile, analyze, and report data to explain economic phenomena and forecast market trends, applying mathematical models and statistical techniques.
    • Supervise research projects and students' study projects.

    How much they make

    $116020

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  11. Environmental Economists
  12. What they do

    They conduct economic analysis related to environmental protection and use of the natural environment, such as water, air, land, and renewable energy resources. Evaluate and quantify benefits, costs, incentives, and impacts of alternative options using economic principles and statistical techniques.

    • Write technical documents or academic articles to communicate study results or economic forecasts.
    • Conduct research on economic and environmental topics, such as alternative fuel use, public and private land use, soil conservation, air and water pollution control, and endangered species protection.
    • Assess the costs and benefits of various activities, policies, or regulations that affect the environment or natural resource stocks.
    • Collect and analyze data to compare the environmental implications of economic policy or practice alternatives.

    How much they make

    $116020

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  13. Chemical Engineers
  14. What they do

    They design chemical plant equipment and devise processes for manufacturing chemicals and products, such as gasoline, synthetic rubber, plastics, detergents, cement, paper, and pulp, by applying principles and technology of chemistry, physics, and engineering.

    • Monitor and analyze data from processes and experiments.
    • Develop safety procedures to be employed by workers operating equipment or working in close proximity to ongoing chemical reactions.
    • Develop processes to separate components of liquids or gases or generate electrical currents, using controlled chemical processes.
    • Troubleshoot problems with chemical manufacturing processes.

    How much they make

    $114470

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  15. Astronomers
  16. What they do

    They observe, research, and interpret astronomical phenomena to increase basic knowledge or apply such information to practical problems.

    • Study celestial phenomena, using a variety of ground-based and space-borne telescopes and scientific instruments.
    • Analyze research data to determine its significance, using computers.
    • Develop theories based on personal observations or on observations and theories of other astronomers.
    • Collaborate with other astronomers to carry out research projects.

    How much they make

    $111090

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  17. Mathematicians
  18. What they do

    They conduct research in fundamental mathematics or in application of mathematical techniques to science, management, and other fields. Solve problems in various fields using mathematical methods.

    • Develop computational methods for solving problems that occur in areas of science and engineering or that come from applications in business or industry.
    • Apply mathematical theories and techniques to the solution of practical problems in business, engineering, the sciences, or other fields.
    • Develop mathematical or statistical models of phenomena to be used for analysis or for computational simulation.
    • Assemble sets of assumptions and explore the consequences of each set.

    How much they make

    $104870

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  19. Materials Scientists
  20. What they do

    They research and study the structures and chemical properties of various natural and synthetic or composite materials, including metals, alloys, rubber, ceramics, semiconductors, polymers, and glass. Determine ways to strengthen or combine materials or develop new materials with new or specific properties for use in a variety of products and applications. Includes glass scientists, ceramic scientists, metallurgical scientists, and polymer scientists.

    • Conduct research on the structures and properties of materials, such as metals, alloys, polymers, and ceramics, to obtain information that could be used to develop new products or enhance existing ones.
    • Prepare reports, manuscripts, proposals, and technical manuals for use by other scientists and requestors, such as sponsors and customers.
    • Perform experiments and computer modeling to study the nature, structure, and physical and chemical properties of metals and their alloys, and their responses to applied forces.
    • Plan laboratory experiments to confirm feasibility of processes and techniques used in the production of materials with special characteristics.

    How much they make

    $102450

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  21. Photonics Engineers
  22. What they do

    They design technologies specializing in light information or light energy, such as laser or fiber optics technology.

    • Analyze system performance or operational requirements.
    • Develop optical or imaging systems, such as optical imaging products, optical components, image processes, signal process technologies, or optical systems.
    • Develop or test photonic prototypes or models.
    • Design, integrate, or test photonics systems or components.

    How much they make

    $99410

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  23. Marine Architects
  24. What they do

    They design and oversee construction and repair of marine craft and floating structures such as ships, barges, tugs, dredges, submarines, torpedoes, floats, and buoys. May confer with marine engineers.

    • Conduct stability analyses of ships.
    • Design complete hull and superstructure according to specifications and test data, in conformity with standards of safety, efficiency, and economy.
    • Study design proposals and specifications to establish basic characteristics of craft, such as size, weight, speed, propulsion, displacement, and draft.
    • Oversee construction and testing of prototype in model basin and develop sectional and waterline curves of hull to establish center of gravity, ideal hull form, and buoyancy and stability data.

    How much they make

    $98970

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  25. Mining and Geological Engineers
  26. What they do

    They conduct sub-surface surveys to identify the characteristics of potential land or mining development sites. May specify the ground support systems, processes and equipment for safe, economical, and environmentally sound extraction or underground construction activities. May inspect areas for unsafe geological conditions, equipment, and working conditions. May design, implement, and coordinate mine safety programs.

    • Prepare technical reports for use by mining, engineering, and management personnel.
    • Inspect mining areas for unsafe structures, equipment, and working conditions.
    • Test air to detect toxic gases and recommend measures to remove them, such as installation of ventilation shafts.
    • Select or develop mineral location, extraction, and production methods, based on factors such as safety, cost, and deposit characteristics.

    How much they make

    $98420

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  27. Transportation Engineers
  28. What they do

    They develop plans for surface transportation projects, according to established engineering standards and state or federal construction policy. Prepare designs, specifications, or estimates for transportation facilities. Plan modifications of existing streets, highways, or freeways to improve traffic flow.

    • Check construction plans, design calculations, or cost estimations to ensure completeness, accuracy, or conformity to engineering standards or practices.
    • Design or prepare plans for new transportation systems or parts of systems, such as airports, commuter trains, highways, streets, bridges, drainage structures, or roadway lighting.
    • Confer with contractors, utility companies, or government agencies to discuss plans, specifications, or work schedules.
    • Design or engineer drainage, erosion, or sedimentation control systems for transportation projects.

    How much they make

    $93720

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  29. Mechanical Engineers
  30. What they do

    They perform engineering duties in planning and designing tools, engines, machines, and other mechanically functioning equipment. Oversee installation, operation, maintenance, and repair of equipment such as centralized heat, gas, water, and steam systems.

    • Read and interpret blueprints, technical drawings, schematics, or computer-generated reports.
    • Research, design, evaluate, install, operate, or maintain mechanical products, equipment, systems or processes to meet requirements.
    • Confer with engineers or other personnel to implement operating procedures, resolve system malfunctions, or provide technical information.
    • Develop, coordinate, or monitor all aspects of production, including selection of manufacturing methods, fabrication, or operation of product designs.

    How much they make

    $92800

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  31. Automotive Engineers
  32. What they do

    They develop new or improved designs for vehicle structural members, engines, transmissions, or other vehicle systems, using computer-assisted design technology. Direct building, modification, or testing of vehicle or components.

    • Conduct or direct system-level automotive testing.
    • Conduct automotive design reviews.
    • Develop engineering specifications or cost estimates for automotive design concepts.
    • Provide technical direction to other engineers or engineering support personnel.

    How much they make

    $92800

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  33. Statisticians
  34. What they do

    They develop or apply mathematical or statistical theory and methods to collect, organize, interpret, and summarize numerical data to provide usable information. May specialize in fields such as bio-statistics, agricultural statistics, business statistics, or economic statistics. Includes mathematical and survey statisticians.

    • Analyze and interpret statistical data to identify significant differences in relationships among sources of information.
    • Identify relationships and trends in data, as well as any factors that could affect the results of research.
    • Determine whether statistical methods are appropriate, based on user needs or research questions of interest.
    • Prepare data for processing by organizing information, checking for inaccuracies, and adjusting and weighting the raw data.

    How much they make

    $92600

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  35. Biostatisticians
  36. What they do

    They develop and apply biostatistical theory and methods to the study of life sciences.

    • Draw conclusions or make predictions, based on data summaries or statistical analyses.
    • Design research studies in collaboration with physicians, life scientists, or other professionals.
    • Analyze clinical or survey data, using statistical approaches such as longitudinal analysis, mixed-effect modeling, logistic regression analyses, and model-building techniques.
    • Provide biostatistical consultation to clients or colleagues.

    How much they make

    $92600

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  37. Operations Research Analysts
  38. What they do

    They formulate and apply mathematical modeling and other optimizing methods to develop and interpret information that assists management with decision making, policy formulation, or other managerial functions. May collect and analyze data and develop decision support software, service, or products. May develop and supply optimal time, cost, or logistics networks for program evaluation, review, or implementation.

    • Formulate mathematical or simulation models of problems, relating constants and variables, restrictions, alternatives, conflicting objectives, and their numerical parameters.
    • Perform validation and testing of models to ensure adequacy and reformulate models as necessary.
    • Collaborate with senior managers and decision makers to identify and solve a variety of problems and to clarify management objectives.
    • Present the results of mathematical modeling and data analysis to management or other end users.

    How much they make

    $88350

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  39. Financial Quantitative Analysts
  40. What they do

    They develop quantitative financial products used to inform individuals or financial institutions engaged in saving, lending, investing, borrowing, or managing risk. Investigate methods for financial analysis to create mathematical models used to develop improved analytical tools or advanced financial investment instruments.

    • Develop core analytical capabilities or model libraries, using advanced statistical, quantitative, or econometric techniques.
    • Provide application or analytical support to researchers or traders on issues such as valuations or data.
    • Research or develop analytical tools to address issues such as portfolio construction or optimization, performance measurement, attribution, profit and loss measurement, or pricing models.
    • Maintain or modify all financial analytic models in use.

    How much they make

    $77580

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  41. Mathematical Technicians
  42. What they do

    They apply standardized mathematical formulas, principles, and methodology to technological problems in engineering and physical sciences in relation to specific industrial and research objectives, processes, equipment, and products.

    • apply standardized mathematical formulas, principles, and methodology to the solution of technological problems involving engineering or physical science.
    • process data for analysis, using computers.
    • Reduce raw data to meaningful terms, using the most practical and accurate combination and sequence of computational methods.
    • Translate data into numbers, equations, flow charts, graphs, or other forms.

    How much they make

    $72390

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  43. Cost Estimators
  44. What they do

    They prepare cost estimates for product manufacturing, construction projects, or services to aid management in bidding on or determining price of product or service. May specialize according to particular service performed or type of product manufactured.

    • Collect historical cost data to estimate costs for current or future products.
    • Consult with clients, vendors, personnel in other departments, or construction foremen to discuss and formulate estimates and resolve issues.
    • Prepare estimates used by management for purposes such as planning, organizing, and scheduling work.
    • Analyze blueprints and other documentation to prepare time, cost, materials, and labor estimates.

    How much they make

    $69710

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  45. Surveyors
  46. What they do

    They make exact measurements and determine property boundaries. Provide data relevant to the shape, contour, gravitation, location, elevation, or dimension of land or land features on or near the earth's surface for engineering, mapmaking, mining, land evaluation, construction, and other purposes.

    • Verify the accuracy of survey data, including measurements and calculations conducted at survey sites.
    • Direct or conduct surveys to establish legal boundaries for properties, based on legal deeds and titles.
    • Prepare or supervise preparation of all data, charts, plots, maps, records, and documents related to surveys.
    • Prepare and maintain sketches, maps, reports, and legal descriptions of surveys to describe, certify, and assume liability for work performed.

    How much they make

    $66440

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  47. Geodetic Surveyors
  48. What they do

    They measure large areas of the Earth's surface using satellite observations, global navigation satellite systems (GNSS), light detection and ranging (LIDAR), or related sources.

    • Calculate the exact horizontal and vertical position of points on the Earth's surface.
    • Maintain databases of geodetic and related information, including coordinate, descriptive, or quality assurance data.
    • Verify the mathematical correctness of newly collected survey data.
    • Conduct surveys to determine exact positions, measurement of points, elevations, lines, areas, volumes, contours, or other features of land surfaces.

    How much they make

    $66440

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  49. Bioinformatics Technicians
  50. What they do

    They apply principles and methods of bioinformatics to assist scientists in areas such as pharmaceuticals, medical technology, biotechnology, computational biology, proteomics, computer information science, biology and medical informatics. Apply bioinformatics tools to visualize, analyze, manipulate or interpret molecular data. May build and maintain databases for processing and analyzing genomic or other biological information.

    • Analyze or manipulate bioinformatics data using software packages, statistical applications, or data mining techniques.
    • Extend existing software programs, web-based interactive tools, or database queries as sequence management and analysis needs evolve.
    • Develop or apply data mining and machine learning algorithms.
    • Maintain awareness of new and emerging computational methods and technologies.

    How much they make

    $50110

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