Careers in Agriculture

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Agricultural Sciences Professors

teach courses in the agricultural sciences. Includes teachers of agronomy, dairy sciences, fisheries management, horticultural sciences, poultry sciences, range management, and agricultural soil conservation. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.
Salary: $90890
Degree: Doctoral degree
High job satisfaction


Aquacultural Managers

direct and coordinate, through subordinate supervisory personnel, activities of workers engaged in fish hatchery production for corporations, cooperatives, or other owners.
Salary: $79940
Degree: Bachelor's degree
High job satisfaction


Nursery and Greenhouse Managers

plan, organize, direct, control, and coordinate activities of workers engaged in propagating, cultivating, and harvesting horticultural specialties, such as trees, shrubs, flowers, mushrooms, and other plants.
Salary: $79940
Degree: Bachelor's degree
High job satisfaction


Farm and Ranch Managers

plan, direct, or coordinate the management or operation of farms, ranches, greenhouses, aquacultural operations, nurseries, timber tracts, or other agricultural establishments. May hire, train, or supervise farm workers or contract for services to carry out the day-to-day activities of the managed operation. May engage in or supervise planting, cultivating, harvesting, financial, or marketing activities.
Salary: $79940
Degree: Bachelor's degree
High job satisfaction



Agricultural Engineers

apply knowledge of engineering technology and biological science to agricultural problems concerned with power and machinery, electrification, structures, soil and water conservation, and processing of agricultural products.
Salary: $79090
Degree: Bachelor's degree
High job satisfaction


Food Scientists and Technologists

use chemistry, microbiology, engineering, and other sciences to study the principles underlying the processing and deterioration of foods; analyze food content to determine levels of vitamins, fat, sugar, and protein; discover new food sources; research ways to make processed foods safe, palatable, and healthful; and apply food science knowledge to determine best ways to process, package, preserve, store, and distribute food.
Salary: $72570
Degree: Bachelor's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction


Soil and Plant Scientists

conduct research in breeding, physiology, production, yield, and management of crops and agricultural plants or trees, shrubs, and nursery stock, their growth in soils, and control of pests; or study the chemical, physical, biological, and mineralogical composition of soils as they relate to plant or crop growth. May classify and map soils and investigate effects of alternative practices on soil and crop productivity.
Salary: $70630
Degree: Doctoral degree


Animal Scientists

conduct research in the genetics, nutrition, reproduction, growth, and development of domestic farm animals.
Salary: $67690
Degree: Doctoral degree
Strong job growth



Farm Products Purchasing Agents

purchase farm products either for further processing or resale. Includes tree farm contractors, grain brokers and market operators, grain buyers, and tobacco buyers.
Salary: $67530
Degree: Bachelor's degree


Precision Agriculture Technicians

apply geospatial technologies, including geographic information systems (GIS) and Global Positioning System (GPS), to agricultural production or management activities, such as pest scouting, site-specific pesticide application, yield mapping, or variable-rate irrigation. May use computers to develop or analyze maps or remote sensing images to compare physical topography with data on soils, fertilizer, pests, or weather.
Salary: $52940
Degree: Bachelor's degree
Strong job growth


Farm Labor Contractors

recruit and hire seasonal or temporary agricultural laborers. May transport, house, and provide meals for workers.
Salary: $52930
Degree: No degree required
High job satisfaction


Farm and Home Management Advisors

advise, instruct, and assist individuals and families engaged in agriculture, agricultural-related processes, or home economics activities. Demonstrate procedures and apply research findings to solve problems; and instruct and train in product development, sales, and the use of machinery and equipment to promote general welfare. Includes county agricultural agents, feed and farm management advisors, home economists, and extension service advisors.
Salary: $52700
Degree: Master's degree
Strong job growth
High job satisfaction



Animal Husbandry Supervisors

directly supervise and coordinate activities of animal husbandry or animal care workers.
Salary: $50790
Degree: Post-secondary certificate


Aquacultural Supervisors

directly supervise and coordinate activities of aquacultural workers.
Salary: $50790
Degree: Bachelor's degree


Horticultural Supervisors

directly supervise and coordinate activities of agricultural crop or horticultural workers.
Salary: $50790
Degree: No degree required


Agricultural Inspectors

inspect agricultural commodities, processing equipment, and facilities, and fish and logging operations, to ensure compliance with regulations and laws governing health, quality, and safety.
Salary: $45970
Degree: No degree required



Agricultural Technicians

set up or maintain laboratory equipment and collect samples from crops or animals. Prepare specimens or record data to assist scientists in biology or related life science experiments.
Salary: $44170
Degree: Master's degree


Food Science Technicians

perform standardized qualitative and quantitative tests to determine physical or chemical properties of food or beverage products.
Salary: $44170
Degree: No degree required


Animal Breeders

select and breed animals according to their genealogy, characteristics, and offspring. May require knowledge of artificial insemination techniques and equipment use. May involve keeping records on heats, birth intervals, or pedigree.
Salary: $43080
Degree: No degree required


Farm Equipment Mechanics

diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul farm machinery and vehicles, such as tractors, harvesters, dairy equipment, and irrigation systems.
Salary: $42190
Degree: No degree required
Strong job growth



Pesticide Handlers and Sprayers

mix or apply pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, or insecticides through sprays, dusts, vapors, soil incorporation, or chemical application on trees, shrubs, lawns, or botanical crops. Usually requires specific training and State or Federal certification.
Salary: $38210
Degree: No degree required
Strong job growth


Agricultural Equipment Operators

drive and control farm equipment to till soil and to plant, cultivate, and harvest crops. May perform tasks, such as crop baling or hay bucking. May operate stationary equipment to perform post-harvest tasks, such as husking, shelling, threshing, and ginning.
Salary: $32620
Degree: No degree required


Farmworkers

attend to live farm, ranch, or aquacultural animals that may include cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses and other equines, poultry, finfish, shellfish, and bees. Attend to animals produced for animal products, such as meat, fur, skins, feathers, eggs, milk, and honey. Duties may include feeding, watering, herding, grazing, castrating, branding, de-beaking, weighing, catching, and loading animals. May maintain records on animals; examine animals to detect diseases and injuries; assist in birth deliveries; and administer medications, vaccinations, or insecticides as appropriate. May clean and maintain animal housing areas. Includes workers who shear wool from sheep, and collect eggs in hatcheries.
Salary: $28840
Degree: Associate's degree


Agricultural Graders and Sorters

grade, sort, or classify unprocessed food and other agricultural products by size, weight, color, or condition.
Salary: $26510
Degree: No degree required



Nursery Workers

work in nursery facilities or at customer location planting, cultivating, harvesting, and transplanting trees, shrubs, or plants.
Salary: $26450
Degree: No degree required


Crop Farmworkers and Laborers

manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; cleaning, packing, and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities.
Salary: $26450
Degree: No degree required




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