Best Careers for Animal Lovers

Stan T.

  1. Veterinarians
  2. What they do

    They diagnose, treat, or research diseases and injuries of animals. Includes veterinarians who conduct research and development, inspect livestock, or care for pets and companion animals.

    • Examine animals to detect and determine the nature of diseases or injuries.
    • Treat sick or injured animals by prescribing medication, setting bones, dressing wounds, or performing surgery.
    • Collect body tissue, feces, blood, urine, or other body fluids for examination and analysis.
    • Inoculate animals against various diseases, such as rabies or distemper.

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  3. Biologists
  4. What they do

    They research or study basic principles of plant and animal life, such as origin, relationship, development, anatomy, and functions.

    • Prepare technical and research reports, such as environmental impact reports, and communicate the results to individuals in industry, government, or the general public.
    • Develop and maintain liaisons and effective working relations with groups and individuals, agencies, and the public to encourage cooperative management strategies or to develop information and interpret findings.
    • Collect and analyze biological data about relationships among and between organisms and their environment.
    • Program and use computers to store, process, and analyze data.

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  5. Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
  6. What they do

    They study the origins, behavior, diseases, genetics, and life processes of animals and wildlife. May specialize in wildlife research and management. May collect and analyze biological data to determine the environmental effects of present and potential use of land and water habitats.

    • Make recommendations on management systems and planning for wildlife populations and habitat, consulting with stakeholders and the public at large to explore options.
    • Inventory or estimate plant and wildlife populations.
    • Disseminate information by writing reports and scientific papers or journal articles, and by making presentations and giving talks for schools, clubs, interest groups and park interpretive programs.
    • Check for, and ensure compliance with, environmental laws, and notify law enforcement when violations are identified.

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  7. Animal Scientists
  8. What they do

    They conduct research in the genetics, nutrition, reproduction, growth, and development of domestic farm animals.

    • Study nutritional requirements of animals and nutritive values of animal feed materials.
    • Advise producers about improved products and techniques that could enhance their animal production efforts.
    • Develop improved practices in feeding, housing, sanitation, or parasite and disease control of animals.
    • Write up or orally communicate research findings to the scientific community, producers, and the public.

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  9. Animal Husbandry Supervisors
  10. What they do

    They directly supervise and coordinate activities of animal husbandry or animal care workers.

    • Assign tasks such as feeding and treatment of animals, and cleaning and maintenance of animal quarters.
    • Investigate complaints of animal neglect or cruelty, and follow up on complaints appearing to require prosecution.
    • Observe animals for signs of illness, injury, or unusual behavior, notifying veterinarians or managers as warranted.
    • Monitor animal care, maintenance, breeding, or packing and transfer activities to ensure work is done correctly.

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  11. Animal Breeders
  12. What they do

    They select and breed animals according to their genealogy, characteristics, and offspring. May require knowledge of artificial insemination techniques and equipment use. May involve keeping records on heats, birth intervals, or pedigree.

    • Feed and water animals, and clean and disinfect pens, cages, yards, and hutches.
    • Observe animals in heat to detect approach of estrus and exercise animals to induce or hasten estrus, if necessary.
    • Treat minor injuries and ailments and contact veterinarians to obtain treatment for animals with serious illnesses or injuries.
    • Arrange for sale of animals and eggs to hospitals, research centers, pet shops, and food processing plants.

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  13. Animal Control Workers
  14. What they do

    They handle animals for the purpose of investigations of mistreatment, or control of abandoned, dangerous, or unattended animals.

    • Investigate reports of animal attacks or animal cruelty, interviewing witnesses, collecting evidence, and writing reports.
    • Capture and remove stray, uncontrolled, or abused animals from undesirable conditions, using nets, nooses, or tranquilizer darts as necessary.
    • Supply animals with food, water, and personal care.
    • Write reports of activities, and maintain files of impoundments and dispositions of animals.

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  15. Veterinary Technicians
  16. What they do

    They perform medical tests in a laboratory environment for use in the treatment and diagnosis of diseases in animals. Prepare vaccines and serums for prevention of diseases. Prepare tissue samples, take blood samples, and execute laboratory tests, such as urinalysis and blood counts. Clean and sterilize instruments and materials and maintain equipment and machines. May assist a veterinarian during surgery.

    • Care for and monitor the condition of animals recovering from surgery.
    • Maintain controlled drug inventory and related log books.
    • Administer anesthesia to animals, under the direction of a veterinarian, and monitor animals' responses to anesthetics so that dosages can be adjusted.
    • Restrain animals during exams or procedures.

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  17. Animal Trainers
  18. What they do

    They train animals for riding, harness, security, performance, or obedience, or assisting persons with disabilities. Accustom animals to human voice and contact; and condition animals to respond to commands. Train animals according to prescribed standards for show or competition. May train animals to carry pack loads or work as part of pack team.

    • Train horses or other equines for riding, harness, show, racing, or other work, using knowledge of breed characteristics, training methods, performance standards, and the peculiarities of each animal.
    • Cue or signal animals during performances.
    • Talk to or interact with animals to familiarize them to human voices or contact.
    • Conduct training programs to develop or maintain desired animal behaviors for competition, entertainment, obedience, security, riding, or related purposes.

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  19. Farmworkers
  20. What they do

    They attend to live farm, ranch, or aquacultural animals that may include cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses and other equines, poultry, finfish, shellfish, and bees. Attend to animals produced for animal products, such as meat, fur, skins, feathers, eggs, milk, and honey. Duties may include feeding, watering, herding, grazing, castrating, branding, de-beaking, weighing, catching, and loading animals. May maintain records on animals; examine animals to detect diseases and injuries; assist in birth deliveries; and administer medications, vaccinations, or insecticides as appropriate. May clean and maintain animal housing areas. Includes workers who shear wool from sheep, and collect eggs in hatcheries.

    • Feed and water livestock and monitor food and water supplies.
    • Herd livestock to pastures for grazing or to scales, trucks, or other enclosures.
    • Examine animals to detect illness, injury, or disease, and to check physical characteristics, such as rate of weight gain.
    • Provide medical treatment, such as administering medications and vaccinations, or arrange for veterinarians to provide more extensive treatment.

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  21. Vet Assistants
  22. What they do

    They feed, water, and examine pets and other nonfarm animals for signs of illness, disease, or injury in laboratories and animal hospitals and clinics. Clean and disinfect cages and work areas, and sterilize laboratory and surgical equipment. May provide routine post-operative care, administer medication orally or topically, or prepare samples for laboratory examination under the supervision of veterinary or laboratory animal technologists or technicians, veterinarians, or scientists.

    • Hold or restrain animals during veterinary procedures.
    • Clean and maintain kennels, animal holding areas, examination or operating rooms, or animal loading or unloading facilities to control the spread of disease.
    • Fill medication prescriptions.
    • Administer anesthetics during surgery and monitor the effects on animals.

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  23. Animal Caretakers
  24. What they do

    They feed, water, groom, bathe, exercise, or otherwise care for pets and other nonfarm animals, such as dogs, cats, ornamental fish or birds, zoo animals, and mice. Work in settings such as kennels, animal shelters, zoos, circuses, and aquariums. May keep records of feedings, treatments, and animals received or discharged. May clean, disinfect, and repair cages, pens, or fish tanks.

    • Feed and water animals according to schedules and feeding instructions.
    • Provide treatment to sick or injured animals, or contact veterinarians to secure treatment.
    • Examine and observe animals to detect signs of illness, disease, or injury.
    • Mix food, liquid formulas, medications, or food supplements according to instructions, prescriptions, and knowledge of animal species.

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