what degree do you need to become a Medical Scientist
majors for Medical Scientists

Medical Scientists

Other names for this job might include Anatomist, Associate Director, Experimental Medicine, Cancer Researcher, Chemotherapist, Clinical Analyst, Clinical Director, Clinical Laboratory Scientist, Clinical Pharmacologist, Clinical Research Associate, Clinical Research Director

  • $93730
  • 73%
    Job satisfaction
  • Hard
    Becoming one
  • Medium
    Job growth
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Be A Medical Scientist: What You Really Need

In this requirements guide for Medical Scientists, you will find out what do you need to become a Medical Scientist and what it takes to become one.

After reading this, you will be able to plan for your future if you want to be a Medical Scientist.

Degree required

Recommended degree level

Post-Doctoral Training



Master’s degree

Bachelors degree

Post-bachelor certificate

Generally, employers are looking for Medical Scientists who have a Post-doctoral. They also prefer someone who is good in Science and Critical Thinking.

1 common question that we always get is what major or degree do I need to become A Medical Scientist or what courses do I need to take.

We did a survey to ask other Medical Scientists what did they major in college or university and here are the most popular majors that came up.

Biomedical Sciences, General
Molecular Biology
Cell/Cellular Biology and Histology

Medical scientists typically need a Ph.D. from an accredited postsecondary institution. Some medical scientists get a medical degree instead of a Ph.D., but prefer doing research to practicing as a physician. It is helpful for medical scientists to have both a Ph.D. and a medical degree.


schools for Medical Scientists

Interested in becoming A Medical Scientist? Find the right schools that can help you to become one. You will need some of your details to get you matched with the right college or university. This service is free thanks to our sponsors.

Questions to ask the university or college:

  1. How many students are in the program?
  2. Is your program accredited?
  3. How many faculty members do you have? Do they hold the right credentials?
  4. What is your job placement rate?
  5. Does your school hold career fairs or other on-campus events with employers? How many employers typically attend?
  6. How many of your students have at least one internship by graduation?

Click to start becoming a Medical Scientist

How long does it take


You will need a considerable amount of skill, knowledge and experience to be A Medical Scientist. Normally you will be required to have more than five years of experience.

For example: A surgeon have to complete 4 years of college plus an additional 5 to 7 years of specialized medical training to be able to do his/her job.

In terms of on-the-job training, you may need some training however you will be assumed that you will already have the necessary skills and work experience to perform the job.

How long does it take
Over 11 to 12 years

Work experience
Over 10 years

Over 10 years

6 to 8 years

1 to 2 years

4 to 6 years

2 to 4 years

Job training
1 to 2 years

No training

1 to 2 years

6 months to 1 year

1 to 3 months

0 to 1 month

Most Medical Scientists have Over 10 years work experience and 1 to 2 years job training.

To increase your chances of getting a job, you can look for job training while studying to be one.

License and certifications

Do you need any license or certification
Requirements vary by job tasks

Medical scientists primarily conduct research and typically do not need licenses or certifications. However, those who administer drugs, gene therapy, or otherwise practice medicine on patients in clinical trials, or in a private practice, need a license to practice as a physician.

Skills required

We asked other Medical Scientists if they could only have 5 skills, what would they be. Here is what they said.

1. Science what does this mean
2.Critical Thinking what does this mean
3.Reading Comprehension what does this mean
4.Active Listening what does this mean
5.Writing what does this mean
= Hot in-demand that most employers are looking for

We did some research and found that most successful Medical Scientists have these 5 common characteristics. Most of them had Integrity and Initiative.

4.Analytical Thinking
5.Attention to Detail

Knowledge required

Just like any other job, you will need some know-hows to do the job. To become a successful Medical Scientists you need to acquire knowledge in these 5 key areas.

1. Biology what does this mean
2.English Language what does this mean
3.Medicine and Dentistry what does this mean
4.Administration and Management what does this mean
5.Chemistry what does this mean

As A Medical Scientist, you may also be required to know how to use certain Graphics or photo imaging software, Analytical or scientific software and Data base user interface and query software tools.

Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software (Graphics or photo imaging software)
BioArray Software Environment BASE software (Analytical or scientific software)
Database software (Data base user interface and query software)
ESRI ArcGIS software (Map creation software)
FileMaker Pro software (Data base user interface and query software)
= Hot in-demand that most employers are looking for

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Career type

Social Science and Humanities
Life Sciences
Biotechnology Research and Development, Therapeutic Services
Science and Math

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Additional resources

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